Almut Lüpkes has deep experience with the German dual system of vocational education and training – the Duale Ausbildung. For over 20-years she conducted seminars for school development and completed a postgraduate course in Education Management at the University of Kaiserslautern in 2001.From 2001 until 2011 Almut was head principal of a large vocational school with personnel management of approximately 200 employees. In 2012 she completed an Education for Coach at Erickson College International, Vancouver, Canada, and has since worked as a freelance coach.
Almut Lüpkes and Claus Oellerking will offer an insight into the Dual System of Vocational Education and Training (VET) in Germany
The basis for the VET is a contract between the training companies and the trainees. The dual learning takes place in the companies and the vocational schools: the company is responsible for teaching the skills, the vocational school for the theoretical knowledge and education. The training usually lasts 3 – 31/2 years and ends with a final examination.
During the training, the company pays the young people a training allowance. The framework for the training – training content, testing conditions – will be agreed for each occupation by consensus of employer representatives and trade unions and adopted by the Federal Government. In this way, the high quality standard of education is provided nation-wide.
The dual system of VET has a high priority in Germany. Over half of an age cohort (2012: 55.7 %) passes through a training in one of about 330 state-recognized training occupations. Nationwide, there were about 1.43 million trainees at the end of 2012.
A decisive advantage of the dual vocational training system is its proximity to the employment system. On one hand, it allows companies to train their junior specialists for their special needs. On the other hand the apprentices have an extremely good chance of obtaining permanent employment. Therefore it is an essential prerequisite for independent living and participation in society. According to European statistics, Germany has recorded with less than 8%, the lowest youth unemployment in Europe.